Our Nobel Laureates

Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been awarded annually for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace, and later economics.

The prize in Physiology or Medicine is given to those who, during the preceding year, "shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind" or who "shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine."

The University of Chicago Medicine is proud to have been affiliated with 12 winners of this prestigious award.

In Physiology or Medicine

In Physiology or Medicine

Bruce Beutler, 2011

MD, Pritzker School of Medicine, 1981
"For their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"

"For their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"

Roger Sperry, 1981

PhD, Zoology, 1941
Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 1946-53
"For his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres"

"For his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres"

George Wald, 1967

Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Physiology, 1934
"For their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"

"For their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"

Charles Brenton Huggins, 1966

William B. Ogden Distinguished Service Professor, 1962-1997
Director and Founder of the Ben May Department for Cancer Research, 1951-1971
Professor of Surgery, 1936-1962
Associate Professor, 1933-1936
Assistant Professor, 1929-1933
Instructor, 1927-1929
"For his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer"
Obituary, 1997

Obituary, 1997

Konrad E. Bloch, 1964

Professor of Biochemistry, 1950-1954
Associate Professor, 1948-50
Assistant Professor, 1946-48
"For their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"

"For their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"

Sir John Eccles, 1963

Faculty, Institute of Biomedical Research, 1966-1968
Lecturer, Department of Physiology, 1966
"For their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"

"For their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"

James Dewey Watson, 1962

BSc, Zoology, 1947
"For their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nuclear acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"

"For their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nuclear acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"

George Wells Beadle, 1958

Professor Emeritus, 1975-1989
William E. Wrather Distinguished Service Professor, 1969-75
Trustee, 1968-71; Honorary Trustee, 1971-1989
President and Trustee of the University, 1961-68
Professor of Biology, 1961-68
"For their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"

"For their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"

Edward Lawrie Tatum, 1958

AB, Chemistry, 1931
"For their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"

"For their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"

Hermann Joseph Muller, 1946

Associate Professor of Physiology, 1925
Staff, Manhattan Project, 1942-1943
"For the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation"

"For the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation"

Edward Adelbert Doisy, 1943

Lecturer in Medicine, 1940
"For his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K"

"For his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K"

Alexis Carrel, 1912

Post-Doctoral research, Department of Physiology, 1904-1905
"In recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs"

All Nobel Laureate photographs on this page are copyright (c) 1999 The Nobel Foundation.

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