2008 Press Releases

December 31, 2008
University of Chicago researchers play key roles in recent proofs of natural selection
University of Chicago scientists played a role in three of 15 studies highlighted by the journal Nature as "evolutionary gems," papers published in the journal in the last decade that demonstrate why scientists can confidently "treat evolution by natural selection, in effect, as an established fact."

December 24, 2008
Skipping sleep may signal problems for coronary arteries
One extra hour of sleep per night appears to decrease the risk of coronary artery calcification, an early step down the path to cardiovascular disease, a research team based at the University of Chicago Medical Center reports in the Dec. 24/31 issue of JAMA. The benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17 mm Hg.

December 24, 2008
Older adults at high risk for drug interactions: More attention needed for non-prescription meds
At least one in 25 older adults, about 2.2 million people in the United States, take multiple drugs in combinations that can produce a harmful drug-drug interaction, and half of these interactions involve a non-prescription medication, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center report in the Dec. 24/31, 2008, issue of JAMA.

December 19, 2008
Stem cells and leukemia battle for marrow microenvironment: Tipping scales toward stem cells could improve outcomes
Learning how leukemia takes over privileged "niches" within the bone marrow is helping researchers develop treatment strategies that could protect healthy blood-forming stem cells and improve the outcomes of bone marrow transplantation for leukemia and other types of cancer.

December 15, 2008
First Nutrition Knowledge Bowl draws rave reviews: Students learn cancer prevention early in life
A new approach to educating youth about good nutrition won rave reviews last weekend as more than 500 enthusiastic participants turned out for the First Annual Nutrition Knowledge Bowl, presented by the University of Chicago Cancer Research Center (UCCRC).

December 8, 2008
Children's cancer group recommends global evaluation system for neuroblastoma to improve treatment
An international coalition of pediatric cancer physicians and researchers has developed new systems to standardize studies of neuroblastomas across the world. In the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) presents three sets of papers outlining a: standard classification system; pre-treatment staging system; and an analysis of a rare group of patients.

December 2, 2008
New scanner increases diagnostic power and speed, cuts radiation
The first 256-slice "wide-area" computed tomography scanner in Illinois, with four times the capacity of the previous generation of multi-slice scanners, has been installed and is in clinical use at the University of Chicago Medical Center. The scanner, called the "Brilliance iCT" and manufactured by Philips Medical Systems, Inc., combines power, speed and coverage to produce extremely high-resolution images with reduced radiation exposure.

November 25, 2008
Michelle Le Beau receives American Cancer Society's top national honor for research achievements
The American Cancer Society honored Michelle Le Beau, PhD, director of the University of Chicago Cancer Research Center, with its prestigious Distinguished Service Award this month for her extraordinary work to control cancer. Le Beau, a professor of medicine and human genetics, was recognized for her major contributions and commitment to cancer research.

November 24, 2008
Hollywood actress Joan Cusack raises awareness of cancer care advances at Comer Children's Hospital
Joan Cusack, one of Hollywood's funniest actresses and a past Oscar nominee, visited children undergoing cancer treatment at the University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital. Cusack spotlighted the need for continued advancements in research and treatment for pediatric oncology.

November 20, 2008
Surgeons perform world's first pediatric robotic bladder reconstruction
A 10-year-old Chicago girl born with an abnormally small bladder that made her incontinent has become the first patient to benefit from a new robotic-assisted bladder-reconstruction method developed by surgeons at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

November 17, 2008
From constant seizures to almost none: Removing part of brain controls girl's epilepsy
Surgeons at the University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital told Jessica Nelson one of the scariest things she will ever hear as a parent: they wanted to treat her daughter's epilepsy by cutting out or disconnecting half of her brain. Then something extraordinary happened: it worked.

November 17, 2008
Black and White Ball raises $800,000 to pursue breakthroughs in cancer research
The University of Chicago Cancer Research Foundation Women's Board raised $800,000 at its "Black and White Ball." The proceeds will be used to help discover new cancer treatments.

November 7, 2008
Vascular disease expert, Seymour Glagov, 1925-2008
A pioneer in the study of cardiovascular disease, especially arteriosclerosis and its prevention, Seymour Glagov, MD, professor emeritus in the Departments of Pathology and Surgery at the University of Chicago Medical Center, died at a Chicago nursing home on Oct. 29 from complications of neurovascular disease. He was 83.

November 6, 2008
Valerie Jarrett, University of Chicago Trustee, named a Co-Chair of the Obama-Biden Transition Project
Valerie Jarrett, Vice-Chair of the University of Chicago's Board of Trustees and Chair of the University of Chicago Medical Center Board, has been named one of three co-chairs of the transition team for President-elect Barack Obama.

November 3, 2008
Fear, misconceptions about screening keep many African-Americans from getting mammograms
Training physicians and caregivers to improve cultural sensitivity and communication with economically disadvantaged African-American patients could influence these women to get mammograms that could save their lives, according to a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

October 30, 2008
University of Chicago Medical Center honored for use of minority and women-owned firms
On October 30, Chicago-based Black Contractors United (BCU) presented their annual President's Award to Joan Archie, Executive Director of Construction Compliance at the University of Chicago Medical Center, for her role in the Medical Center's efforts to "maximize the utilization of minority- and women-owned firms and workers on its construction, renovation, plant and maintenance projects."

October 29, 2008
Grand Boulevard expansion provides community-based specialty care
Patients, physicians and others from the Medical Center and Access Community Health Network as well as South Side community leaders celebrated the expansion of the Grand Boulevard Family Health Center on Friday, September 26. The expansion marks an innovation in community-based health care, allowing UCMC specialty care physicians to practice at the Access Grand Boulevard Family Health Center.

October 27, 2008
Cost of diabetes treatment nearly doubled since 2001
Because of the increased number of patients, growing reliance on multiple medications and the shift toward more expensive new medicines, the annual cost of diabetes drugs nearly doubled in only six years, rising from $6.7 billion in 2001 to $12.5 billion in 2007. The single greatest contributor was the use of newer, more expensive medications.

October 23, 2008
Stem cell recipients’ first reunion to share successes, offer hope to transplant patients
Patients who underwent stem cell transplants at the University of Chicago Medical Center will hold their first reunion on Sunday, October 26, to demonstrate hope for cancer patients who are facing this difficult, long treatment. The “Celebration of Life” will be held at the Duchossois Center for Advanced Medicine, 4th floor atrium, 5758 S. Maryland Ave., from 1 to 4 p.m.

October 20, 2008
$6 million NIH grant supports research on cancer-fighting properties of ginseng
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) has awarded $6 million over five years to the University of Chicago Medical Center to create the Center for Herbal Research on Colorectal Cancer (CHRCC), one of four new Centers of Excellence for Research on Complementary and Alternative Medicine funded by NCCAM this year.

October 16, 2008
Olympic gold medalists Shawn Johnson, Shannon Miller inspire pediatric patients at Comer Children's Hospital
Children at the University of Chicago Medical Center Comer Children's Hospital with life-threatening illnesses got the thrill of a lifetime Thursday when Olympic gold medalists Shawn Johnson and Shannon Miller walked into their rooms.

October 16, 2008
Daughter, friend, courageous cancer patient honored at Comer Kids' Classic
Lisa Klitzky passed away at age 25 from a rare form of pediatric cancer called rhabdomyosarcoma, a malignancy in the soft tissues with a poor prognosis for patient survival. An artist and a selfless young woman, Lisa did not lose sight of helping others--even as she was going through painful treatment at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

October 15, 2008
'Fishapod' reveals origins of head and neck structures of first land animals
Newly exposed parts of Tiktaalik roseae--the intermediate fossil between fish and the first animals to walk out of water onto land 375 million years ago--are revealing how this major evolutionary event happened. A new study, published this week in Nature, provides a detailed look at the internal head skeleton of Tiktaalik roseae and reveals a key intermediate step in the transformation of the skull that accompanied the shift to life on land by our distant ancestors.

October 13, 2008
UCMC REACH incentive program attracts doctors to South Side
To enable young, superbly trained, community-oriented physicians to build a better network of care in the underserved areas where they learned their profession, the University of Chicago Medical Center is initiating the UCMC REACH (Repayment for Education to Alumni in Community Health) program, which will encourage Pritzker graduates to return to the South Side of Chicago to practice medicine in underserved communities.

October 13, 2008
The University of Chicago's medical school transforms its curriculum
In order to inspire the next generation of physicians, the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine is launching the Pritzker Initiative, a new curriculum designed to transform medical education at the school. The initiative will increase student-faculty interactions, reduce the number of large lecture classes and replace them with small-group, hands-on learning under the direct mentorship of renowned faculty physicians, researchers and clinical educators.

October 7, 2008
Forum honors new 'Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day'
On Monday, Oct. 13, at 4 p.m., in honor of the first ever "Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day," the University of Chicago Medical Center will present a free public forum in the atrium of the Duchossois Center for Advanced Medicine, 5758 S. Maryland Ave.

October 6, 2008
Microwave ovens need added safety controls
Microwave ovens should be equipped with safety controls to prevent children from opening them and being burned by hot foods and drinks, according to a study published today by University of Chicago Medical Center researchers in the October 2008 issue of the Journal Pediatrics.

October 3, 2008
David Gozal appointed chairman of pediatrics at the University of Chicago Medical Center
An expert on the developmental neurobiology of respiratory control, sleep-disordered breathing and treatment of pediatric sleep disorders, and director of the country's first division of pediatric sleep medicine, David Gozal, MD, has been appointed Professor and Chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Chicago Medical Center, effective February 1, 2009.

October 1, 2008
MRI spots DCIS in mice
A new magnetic resonance imaging procedure can detect very early breast cancer in mice, including ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a precursor to invasive cancer. Some of the tumors detected were less than 300 microns in diameter, the smallest cancers ever detected by MRI.

September 25, 2008
Animals farmed for meat are the number one source of food poisoning bug, study shows
Campylobacter jejuni causes more cases of gastroenteritis in the developed world than any other bacterial pathogen, including E. coli, Salmonella, Clostridium and Listeria combined. Wild and domestic animals act as natural reservoirs for the disease, which can also survive in water and soil. However, the relative importance of these sources is unclear, and recent work has suggested that livestock are not the main reservoir for human disease.

September 23, 2008
Start! Heart Walk: Cardiac experts ready to help renew heart health
Nearly 200 physicians, nurses and other caregivers from the University of Chicago Medical Center will participate in the American Heart Association's Start! Heart Walk on Friday, Sept. 26, in Grant Park from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. The AHA's campaign calls on all Americans and employers to rededicate themselves to healthier lifestyles to improve their heart health.

September 19, 2008
Taking a virtual 'Walk Across America' means major steps for pediatric healthcare
The University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital is joining other pediatric hospitals throughout the country for "Walk Across America," a novel approach to raise funds to provide health care for children and their families. Walk Across America is a "virtual" walk that can be done anywhere from Sept. 27 through the end of October.

September 18, 2008
Spectacular evening to celebrate superior pediatric healthcare
A gala event that brings together the best in healthcare at the University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital and the best in architecture and design will be held Thursday, Sept. 25, in one of Northbrook's most prestigious neighborhoods.

September 10, 2008
Brains and brawn: Hospital staff ready to pull airliner to benefit Ronald McDonald Houses
Teams from the University of Chicago Medical Center are getting in shape as they prepare for a once-in-a-lifetime duel between them and a commercial airliner to raise money for the Ronald McDonald House in Hyde Park.

September 9, 2008
Study finds amount of work for residents--not just hours--needs review
The number of patients assigned to medical residents and the complexity of care patients require has just as much impact on residents' training as the number of hours they work, according to a study published by researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center in the September 10 issue of JAMA.

September 9, 2008
Two major grants support creation of Chicago Center for Systems Biology
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded more than $15 million over five years to the University of Chicago to support a new research center--The Chicago Center for Systems Biology--to study how networks of genes work together to enable cells and organisms to respond to environmental and genetic change.

August 28, 2008
Sixth annual Comer Kids’ Classic funds pediatric care
Hundreds of runners and walkers who are committed to improving children’s health will turn out the morning of Saturday, October 18 at 10 a.m. for the sixth annual Comer Kids’ Classic.

August 19, 2008
Orthopaedic surgeon helps Olympic volleyball athletes achieve their dreams
Olympic volleyball players energize their game with powerful spikes, blocks and other moves that can only be achieved through top mental and physical fitness. An orthopaedic surgeon at the University of Chicago Medical Center has served a unique dual role for these athletes: a team physician for the U.S. Women's Volleyball Team and an expert the Chinese players have turned to for healing.

August 19, 2008
Celiac Disease Center provides free screenings, expert physician panel
To aid people who are at-risk for celiac disease, the University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center will offer free screenings and a panel discussion of adult and pediatric specialists about treatment, coping with the disease, and updates on research progress. The event will include exhibits for all ages and the opportunity to ask physician experts about celiac disease.

August 19, 2008
Heart transplant recipients celebrate their 'second chance' at reunion
Patients who have received heart transplants at the University of Chicago Medical Center will come together Saturday, August 23, to celebrate their successful journeys. The event at the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, 2430 Cannon Dr., Chicago, is coordinated by the Center for Heart Failure Management to help patients network with peers who have also received a new heart and raise awareness about organ donation.

August 15, 2008
Targeted radiation therapy can control limited cancer spread
Precisely targeted radiation therapy can eradicate all evidence of disease in selected patients with cancer that has spread to only a few sites, suggests the first published report from an ongoing clinical trial.

August 13, 2008
Study finds a wide variety of errors in testing process at family medicine clinics
The largest study to date of testing errors reported by family physician offices in the United States found that problems occur throughout the testing process and disproportionately affect minority patients.

August 13, 2008
Nuclear medicine pioneer Robert Beck, 1928-2008
A pioneer in the diagnostic uses of radiation and the development and testing of radiotracers in the early days of nuclear medicine, Robert N. Beck, professor emeritus in the Department of Radiology at the University of Chicago, died at the University of Chicago Medical Center on August 6.

August 11, 2008
Chicago White Sox to visit University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital August 12
Chicago White Sox pitcher Mark Buehrle will visit with patients at the University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital.

July 22, 2008
Carolyn Wilson promoted to chief operating officer
Carolyn S. Wilson, RN, MBA, has been promoted to Chief Operating Officer (COO), from Associate Dean and Vice President/Faculty Practice Administration, announced by David S. Hefner, President of the University of Chicago Medical Center.

July 21, 2008
Surgeon Marco Patti to head new Center for Esophageal Diseases at the University of Chicago Medical Center
An internationally known surgeon with extensive expertise in the surgical treatment of esophageal diseases, Marco G. Patti, MD, has been appointed Professor of Surgery and Director of the Center for Esophageal Diseases at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

July 21, 2008
University of Chicago Medical Center, Cancer Research Center and Gilda's Club Chicago form partnership
The University of Chicago Medical Center, the University's distinguished Cancer Research Center, and Gilda's Club Chicago have announced a new partnership to provide the Medical Center's oncology patients on-site access to the wide array of activities available at Gilda's Club.

July 17, 2008
First human use of new device to make arrhythmia treatment safer
On June 16, 2008, Barbara Ganschow of Palatine, IL, became the first person in the world to be successfully treated with a new device designed to make it safer and easier for heart specialists to create a hole in the cardiac atrial septum. The hole, created by the NRGTM Transseptal Needle, allows cardiac catheters to cross from the right side of the heart to the left side.

July 14, 2008
ENH and University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine create a new academic affiliation
Evanston Northwestern Healthcare (ENH) and the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine have agreed on an academic affiliation that will place medical students, residents and fellows from the University of Chicago Medical Center at the three ENH hospital locations in Evanston, Glenbrook and Highland Park for a portion of their educational experience.

July 11, 2008
National survey again names University of Chicago Medical Center to the Honor Roll of Best Hospitals
In the 2008 "Best Hospitals" issue (July 21, 2008, on newsstands July 14), the magazine ranked the University of Chicago Medical Center as 17th out of America's 5,453 hospitals. Because the Medical Center scored highly in so many areas it is featured in the magazine's elite list of "Honor Roll" hospitals.

July 9, 2008
Flatfish fossils fill in evolutionary missing link
In the 10 July 2008, issue of Nature, Matt Friedman, graduate student in the Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago and a member of the Department of Geology at the Field Museum, draws attention to several examples of transitional forms that he uncovered in museum collections of underwater fossilized creatures from the Eocene epoch--about 50 million years ago.

July 1, 2008
Innovative human resource veteran named chief human resources officer at the University of Chicago Medical Center
Larry A. Callahan has been appointed chief human resources officer at the University of Chicago Medical Center, effective July 27, 2008, overseeing the strategic initiatives to attract, develop, reward and retain the more than 9,500 staff and faculty who carry out the Medical Center's mission of delivering highly complex patient care, training the next generation of physicians and researchers, and creating agenda-setting science.

June 12, 2008
University of Chicago Medical Center hosts annual Tall Ship Family Retreat Day
More than 120 individuals from 25 families will participate in the University of Chicago Medical Center's Tall Ship Family Retreat Day on Saturday, June 14. This will be the fifth annual memorial service held on a ship sailing for those who have experienced the death of a loved one.

June 9, 2008
Largest single health care investment in history of South Side approved by University of Chicago Board
The University of Chicago's Board of Trustees gave final approval June 5 for the University of Chicago Medical Center's New Hospital Pavilion--a 21st-century technological and architectural tour de force, designed to accelerate medical progress and to leverage the close collaboration between the University's world-class clinicians and researchers for the benefit of patients. The Medical Center board approved the project on May 28.

June 4, 2008
Celiac disease preceptorship program Dec. 4 and 5 at Celiac Disease Center
The University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center is seeking applications for its 3rd Annual Celiac Disease Preceptorship Program, to be held Dec. 4 and 5, 2008. This two-day, intensive course on diagnosis and treatment for the world’s most common genetic autoimmune disease is the only one of its kind in the nation.

June 2, 2008
Former MLB pitcher Dave Dravecky to speak at Cancer Survivor's Day celebration
Dave Dravecky, a former Major League All-Star pitcher, will be the keynote speaker for the 18th annual Cancer Survivor’s Day, sponsored by the University of Chicago Medical Center. The event, the largest of its kind in the Chicagoland area, will be held Sunday, June 8, from noon to 3 p.m. in the Wellington Ballroom of the Westin Hotel, 909 N. Michigan Ave.

May 30, 2008
University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital named one of 'America's Best'
In its 2008 annual survey of children's hospitals, U.S.News & World Report selected the University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital as one of the best in the United States.

May 29, 2008
The University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital presents a free pediatric injury presentation and panel discussion for parents
Childhood injuries increase dramatically during the summer months. It is important for parents and caregivers to understand which injuries should be handled at home, which can wait for a visit to your pediatrician, and which injuries require a trip to the emergency room.

May 27, 2008
Courtship pattern shaped by emergence of a new gene in fruit flies
When a young gene known as sphinx is inactivated in the common fruit fly, it leads to increased male-male courtship, scientists report in the May 27, 2008, issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

May 22, 2008
Chicago Cubs set to visit University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital May 27
Chicago Cubs players will visit with patients at the University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital.

May 20, 2008
Cancer drug may help patients with heart-lung disease
A drug developed to fight cancer is showing early promise as a treatment for pulmonary hypertension, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center report May 19 at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Toronto, Canada.

May 14, 2008
Celebrate the gift of sound with the CSO May 29 at Comer Children’s Hospital
Two members of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra will present a special performance in the lobby of the University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital on Thursday, May 29, at 3:30 p.m. The event, sponsored by the Comer Development Board, will also feature tours of the state-of-the-art pediatric hospital and highlight the cochlear implant program.

May 14, 2008
Volunteers needed for smoking-cessation study
The University of Chicago Medical Center is looking for people who smoke at least 12 cigarettes a day, want to quit, and who will commit to trying several techniques simultaneously that might help.

April 30, 2008
MLB umpires to visit Comer Children's Hospital May 7
Major League Umpires Ted Barrett and Lance Barksdale will visit the University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital Wednesday, May 7, at 10:15 a.m. This special visit, organized by BLUE for Kids, a non-profit organization founded by MLB umpires, captures the spirit of the Build-A-Bear Workshop experience and brings it to the hospital.

April 25, 2008
Drug developed at the University of Chicago wins FDA approval
Methylnaltrexone, a drug developed to relieve one of the major side effects of pain therapy for cancer patients, received marketing approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration on April 24, 2008, for use in the treatment of opioid-induced bowel disorders in patients receiving palliative care for advanced illness such as cancer.

April 16, 2008
Genome analysis reveals new protein associated with breast cancer progression
A novel systems-based approach that combines comprehensive gene expression profiling with genome-wide transcription factor analysis and protein-protein interaction has led researchers to an important genetic marker that can help physicians know which breast cancer patients are at highest risk and will require more aggressive treatment, a research team based at the University of Chicago Medical Center reports in the April 15, 2008, issue of the journal Molecular Systems Biology.

April 15, 2008
Stopping hormone therapy did not reduce cancer risk for African Americans
The decreased incidence of invasive breast cancer in the United States seen in 2002 and 2003 did not extend to women of African ancestry, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center report at the 2008 annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research in San Diego.

April 10, 2008
Top Chef's Ted Allen honorary chairman for April 16 Celiac Disease Center benefit
Ted Allen, the top judge of Bravo’s "Top Chef" TV program, is this year’s honorary chairman for "Spring Flours," the University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center benefit, which will be held Wednesday, April 16.

April 9, 2008
Gene variant increases risk of asthma
A tiny variation in a gene known as CHI3L1 increases susceptibility to asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and decline in lung function, researchers report early online in the New England Journal of Medicine.

March 31, 2008
Replacing absent microRNAs could make tumors less invasive, more treatable
One group of small, non-coding RNA molecules could serve as a marker to improve cancer staging and may also be able to convert some advanced tumors to more treatable stages, report a University of Chicago-based research team in the April 1, 2008, issue of the journal Genes & Development.

March 28, 2008
Medical school, graduate bioscience programs tops in state according to national survey
Two bioscience graduate programs--paleontology and ecology/evolutionary biology--were ranked the best in the United States, and the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine tied for 16th in the latest U.S. News & World Report ranking of the nation's best graduate schools.

March 24, 2008
Free drug samples may burden patients’ pockets
Following free drug sample receipt, patients who receive these samples have significantly higher out-of-pocket prescription costs than those who don’t, according to the first study to look at the out-of-pocket cost associated with free-sample use, published in the March 24, 2008, issue of Medical Care.

March 13, 2008
Study provides clues to prevent spread of ovarian cancer
A drug that blocks production of an enzyme that enables ovarian cancer to gain a foothold in a new site can slow the spread of the disease and prolong survival in mice, according to a study by researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center, but only if the drug is given early in the disease process.

March 6, 2008
Chicago neuroscientist contributes to book on brains and baseball
Steven Small, MD, PhD, professor of neurology and psychology at the University of Chicago, and colleagues Ana Solodkin and John Milton, are among a group science writers and neuroscientists featured in Your Brain On Cubs: Inside the Heads of Players and Fans, a new book that explores how the brain functions when people participate in sports as athletes, coaches and fans.

March 5, 2008
Newly developed anti-malarial medicine treats toxoplasmosis
A new drug that will soon enter clinical trials for treatment of malaria also appears to be 10 times more effective than the key medicine in the current gold-standard treatment for toxoplasmosis, a disease caused by a related parasite that infects nearly one-third of all humans--more than two billion people worldwide.

March 3, 2008
New target for cancer therapy may improve treatment for solid tumors
Targeting and killing the non-malignant cells that surround and support a cancer can stop tumor growth in mice, reports a research team based at the University of Chicago Medical Center in the March 1, 2008, issue of the journal Cancer Research. The discovery offers a new approach to treating cancers that are resistant to standard therapy.

February 28, 2008
Gene expression differences between those of European and African ancestry affect response to drugs and infections
Differences in gene expression levels between people of European versus African ancestry can affect how each group responds to certain drugs or fights off specific infections, report researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center and the Expression Research Laboratory at Affymetrix Inc. of Santa Clara, CA.

February 22, 2008
2008 DeLee Humanitarian Award goes to Leon Speroff, MD, of Oregon Health Sciences University
A leader in the field of reproductive endocrinology, menopause, hormone replacement therapy and contraception, Leon Speroff, MD, professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Oregon Health Sciences University, will receive the 2008 Joseph Bolivar DeLee Humanitarian Award from the Board of Directors of Chicago Lying-in Hospital, part of the University of Chicago Medical Center.

February 15, 2008
Personalized medicine can cut breast cancer risk
The time has come for breast cancer risk assessment, counseling and genetic testing to move from cancer specialists to the realm of primary care, according to a presentation at the AAAS annual meeting, held this year in Boston.

February 15, 2008
Metabolic syndrome linked to cold tolerance
Researchers from the University of Chicago have discovered that many of the genetic variations that have enabled human populations to tolerate colder climates may also affect their susceptibility to metabolic syndrome, a cluster of related abnormalities such as obesity, elevated cholesterol levels, heart disease, and diabetes.

February 15, 2008
Pritzker students selected by peers for humanism awards
The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine will recognize 18 fourth-year students on March 4 at the Third Annual Gold Humanism Honor Society Induction Ceremony. The event will include keynote speaker Michael Mendoza (AB'96, MD'01), Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine.

February 13, 2008
Location matters, even for genes
Moving an active gene from the interior of the nucleus to its periphery can inactivate that gene report scientists from the University of Chicago Medical Center in an article to be published early online Feb.13, 2008, in the journal Nature.

February 13, 2008
New findings show additional similarity between opiate and nicotine addiction
New research published in the February 13 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience indicates that the effects of nicotine and opiates on the brain's reward system are equally strong in a key pleasure-sensing areas of the brain–--the nucleus accumbens.

February 1, 2008
Study of successful drug targets could hasten development of new medications
Guidance from an innovative computational approach could speed up the process and cut down the cost of new drug development, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center and Columbia University suggest in a study to be published in the February 2008 issue of Genome Research, available early online.

February 1, 2008
Pritzker students awarded for public health trip
Students from the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine recently received the first Outstanding REMEDY Program Award for service in medicine provided during a public health trip to the Dominican Republic, one of the poorest countries in the western hemisphere.

January 31, 2008
Inherited individual variations influence patterns of gene shuffling
The first large-scale, high-resolution study of human genetic recombination has found remarkably high levels of individual variation in genetic exchange, the process by which parents pass on a mosaic-like mixture of their genes.

January 31, 2008
Only two-thirds of Illinois public schools provide comprehensive sex education
A study of sex education in Illinois public schools found that one out of three teachers did not meet a very forgiving definition of comprehensive instruction, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center report in the February 2008 issue of the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology.

January 22, 2008
Louis Sullivan, former head of HHS, to speak at Martin Luther King ceremony
Louis W. Sullivan, MD, the former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services from 1989 to 1993 and founding dean and president emeritus of Morehouse University School of Medicine, will deliver the keynote address at the University of Chicago Medical Center's 32nd annual ceremony in honor of Martin Luther King's life and teachings.

January 21, 2008
Program brings latest information to patients with diabetes
"Living Well With Diabetes," a free, four-hour symposium at the University of Chicago Kovler Diabetes Center, will present the latest advances in prevention, management and treatment of diabetes.

January 18, 2008
Close-knit bond links patients, staff
The Forefront Stitchers knit and crochet chemo caps and healing shawls for patients in the Cancer Resource Center, and tiny hats and blankets for babies in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

January 18, 2008
Renovation project wins historical honors
The Hyde Park Historical Society has awarded the 2008 Marian and Leon Despres Preservation Award to the University of Chicago Medical Center for "the excellent restoration" of the façade and of the first floor main lobby of the American School of Correspondence Building, 850 E. 58th Street.

January 16, 2008
Sense of personal control influences Latinas' decisions about sexual debut
A sense of personal control over sexual behaviors strongly influences Latina women's decisions of when to first engage in sex, report researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center in the November issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

January 8, 2008
First rigorous analysis defines impact of Medicare Part D
The most thorough study to date of the impact of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit (Part D) found that this benefit led to a 13.1 percent decrease in out-of-pocket expenses for patients and a 5.9 percent increase in prescription use.

January 8, 2008
Robotic surgery marks Chicago breakthrough for pediatric patients
On January 7, ten-year-old Jaime Bazan returned to school and sports activities--a monumental feat considering that only 11 days earlier, he became the first Chicago pediatric patient to undergo robot-assisted urologic surgery.

January 8, 2008
Recurrent genetic deletion linked to autism
Loss of a small portion of chromosome 16, known as 16p11.2, is significantly associated with autism, report researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in an article, published December 21, 2007, online by the journal Human Molecular Genetics.

January 8, 2008
New book reveals an evolutionary journey of the human body
Paleontologist Neil Shubin unites the discoveries of fossils and the sciences of paleontology and genetics with his experience of teaching human anatomy into a written voyage of evolution, titled Your Inner Fish: A Journey Into the 3.5-Billion-Year History of the Human Body.

January 3, 2008
Internists say they prescribe placebos on occasion
In the first study examining American physicians' use of placebos in clinical practice in the 21st Century, 45 percent of Chicago internists report they have used a placebo at some time during their clinical practice researchers report in the January issue of Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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