Anatomy of the ovaries
A woman's ovaries are located on both sides of the uterus, below the opening of the fallopian tubes (tubes that extend from the uterus to the ovaries).
Function of the ovaries
In addition to producing egg cells, the ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone, which affect many of the female characteristics and reproductive functions. The levels of secreted estrogen and progesterone are controlled by gonadotropic hormones produced by the pituitary gland. The ovaries also contain the egg cells necessary for reproduction.
Anatomy of the testes
The two testes are egg-shaped organs that hang suspended in a pouch of skin (scrotum) outside the male body.
Function of the testes
The testes in a man produce testosterone, which affect many of the male characteristics and sperm production.