According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH):
About one-third of all people with panic disorder develop agoraphobia, an illness in which they become afraid of being in any place or situation where escape might be difficult or help unavailable in the event of a panic attack.
Persons with panic disorders are more likely to abuse alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine.
Panic disorder affects close to 6 million people in any given year.
What is panic disorder?
Panic disorder is characterized by chronic, repeated, and unexpected panic attacks—bouts of overwhelming fear of being in danger when there is no specific cause for the fear. In between panic attacks, people with panic disorder worry excessively about when and where the next attack may occur.
What are the characteristics of a panic attack?
Panic attacks can accompany several types of anxiety disorders—not only panic disorder. The following are the most common symptoms of a panic attack. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
- Pounding heart
- Trembling or shaking
- Shortness of breath
- Sensation of choking
- Nausea or abdominal pain
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Feeling unreal or disconnected from oneself
- Fear of losing control
- Fear of "going crazy" or dying
- Chills or hot flashes
- Physical symptoms that mimic a heart attack and/or chest pain
Panic disorder can be distressing and disabling. The rate of irritable bowel syndrome is higher among people with panic disorder than among the general population. Alcohol may be abused as a means to relieve stress.
The symptoms of a panic attack may resemble other psychiatric conditions. Always see your doctor for a diagnosis.
Who is affected by panic disorder?
Panic disorder typically first occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, but may also begin in childhood. Women are twice as likely as men to experience this disorder, and some people may be genetically predisposed to the disorder. About 1 to 2 percent of Americans suffer from panic disorder.
Treatment for panic disorder
Specific treatment for panic disorder will be determined by your doctor based on:
- Your age, overall health, and medical history
- Extent of the disease
- Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the disease
- Your opinion or preference
Treatment may include:
- Psychological treatment, such as cognitive behavioral therapy