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Pain Medicine Conditions

Our physicians understand that pain is a medical condition and not just a symptom of a greater problem. Pain is associated with psychological stress, loss of strength and sleep disturbance. When untreated, pain may lead to physical impairment and emotional suffering. Our goal is to identify the site of pain, and work with you to alleviate discomfort and promote a better quality of life.

Pain is classified into five main categories: neuropathic, nociceptive, visceral pain, cancer pain and miscellaneous.

Neuropathic: Sharp and stabbing pain or burning pain that arises from the nerves
Nociceptive: Aching, constant, deep pain in ligaments, bones or muscles
Visceral: Constant, distant, nagging pain that originates from organs
Cancer: Pain that is present due to a cancer diagnosis
Miscellaneous: Any pain that is not classified under the above four categories

Common Pain Conditions:

Acute pain
Abdominal pain
Arm and leg pain
Cancer pain
Chronic pain
Headache
Neck, back and spine pain
Neuropathic (Nerve) pain
Postsurgical pain

Acute Pain

Acute pain can begin suddenly, be mild or severe, and last for anywhere from a few moments to six months. Typically, patients feel relieve once the underlying cause of the pain has been treated.

Acute pain is usually the result of an event or occurrence, such as:
• Broken bone
• Sprain
• Burn
• Surgical procedure

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Abdominal Pain

Although there are several contributing factors that can result in abdominal pain, many instances of are not cause for serious concern, such as indigestion, constipation or gas.

While acute pain may be readily identified and treated, in many instances, pain may persist beyond the expected time of healing and become chronic. Our pain management team has a profound understanding of these conditions and will work with you to alleviate abdominal pain whether it is from ischemic cause, such as pain from median arcuate ligament syndrome, adhesions of previous surgeries, cancer or others, including:

  • Ulcers
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Hernia
  • Gallstones
  • Kidney stones
  • Endometriosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Urinary tract infections

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Arm and Leg Pain

Arm and leg pain can occur for a wide variety of reasons, such as sports injuries, typical wear and tear, pregnancy, surgery, cancer, infections and more. Treating the pain, swelling and other symptoms that accompany these conditions is crucial to resuming daily activities. Our physicians aim to prevent progression of acute pain to chronic pain in upper or lower extremities. Arm and leg pain can be an indication of a number of common conditions, like the following:

  • Joint sprains (knee, ankle, wrist, etc)
  • Sciatica
  • Joint repair/replacements
  • Sports injuries (rotator cuff tears, tennis elbow, etc)
  • Lymphedema
  • Muscle strain
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Bone infections
  • Deep vein thrombosis

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Cancer Pain

For patients suffering from cancer, managing pain is essential for their continued comfort and treatment success. Cancer pain can result from the condition itself or can be a symptom associated with treating the disease, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. We offer a wide range of treatment options and advanced therapies to manage cancer-related pain, such as:

  • Pain from chemotherapy or radiation
  • Pain from a tumor pressing against a nerve, bone or organ
  • Soft tissue pain (muscle or organ pain)
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Metastatic pain

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Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is defined as persistent pain that can remain even after treating the underlying cause of the pain. Patients may continue to feel pain for years after healing. Chronic pain can be debilitating physically, and can also impact a people's mental and emotional well-being, creating feelings of stress, anxiety and depression. Common Types of chronic pain can include:

  • Arthritis
  • Headaches
  • Nerve pain
  • Psychogenic pain

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Headache

There are many different types of headache, with as many as 12 classifications, and can be just as versatile in their level of discomfort. Pain can range from a dull ache to a throbbing sensation, with some headaches even resulting in nausea, vomiting and blurred vision. Common causes of headaches include tension and stress, but they can also develop due to a variety of conditions, including:

  • Injury
  • Pinched nerve
  • Inflamed joints
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle strain

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Neck, Back and Spine Pain

The neck, back and spine pain are all common diagnosis, and each area has numerous cases and contributing factors that can result in pain. Neck, back and spine pain can also be debilitating and can quickly disrupt patients' daily lives.

Neck pain can be acute or chronic and can occur from arthritis, poor posture or, in some cases, can also be an indication of a more serious condition. Common causes of neck pain include:

  • Injury or trauma
  • Muscle strain
  • Degenerative disease
  • Disc herniation
  • Pinched nerve
  • Tumors


Back pain is one of the most prevalent conditions, but determining the exact cause of the pain can be difficult, as it can be triggered by anything from overuse and injury to smoking, obesity or disease. Additional causes of back pain include the following:

  • Muscle strain
  • Arthritis
  • Injury or trauma
  • Osteoporosis
  • Herniated discs
  • Spinal tumors


Since the spinal cord runs the entire length of the back, spine pain is often associated with back and neck pain, but these conditions also result in spine pain:

  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spine compressions
  • Scoliosis
  • Spondylosis
  • Myelopathy
  • Radiculopathy
  • Spinal tumors

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Neuropathic (Nerve) Pain

Nerve pain occurs when there is damage or irritation to one or more nerves in your body. This condition can result in severe shooting pain, burning, numbness, tingling or a combination of these sensations. There are a wide range of conditions that can lead to neuropathic pain, such as:

  • Sciatica
  • Herniated disc
  • Diabetes
  • Surgical procedures
  • Inflammation of the nerve
  • Shingles
  • Trauma
  • Infectious diseases
  • Cancer

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Postsurgical Pain

Postsurgical pain is discomfort patients feel after undergoing a surgical operation. Pain can vary depending on the type of procedure that was performed. It is important to control pain level after surgery in order to keep patients comfortable and promote a speedy recovery

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