Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral arterial disease is most often caused by atherosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries," and can result in a range of symptoms from leg cramps with exercise (claudication) to severe pain in the feet even at rest (rest pain). Untreated, this can progress to gangrene and limb loss.

Our vascular surgeons are trained to treat peripheral arterial disease using medical, interventional, and surgical techniques. The treatment plan is individualized for each patient and depends on the severity of symptoms, location of the disease, and other patient factors.

For some cases, our surgeons will help a patient control their cardiovascular risk factors, prescribe medical treatment, and advise an exercise program. For more serious cases, our surgeons may treat a patient with transluminal balloon angioplasty--inserting a catheter to open an arterial narrowing or blockage. The most serious cases may be treated with bypass grafting. In this procedure, the surgeon attaches an alternative blood vessel (either a prosthetic tube or the patient's own vein) to the blocked artery, creating a new and unobstructed passage for the blood to flow. To optimize recovery of our patients, we use minimally invasive options including the use of small incisions to harvest vein whenever possible.


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