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Minimally Invasive Obstetrics and Gynecologic Surgery

Ranked one of the top hospitals in the country for gynecological care, the University of Chicago Medicine has been using minimally invasive approaches to improve the lives of patients for decades. Many gynecological surgeries--for fibroids, infertility, and other problems--now require no incisions or only a few tiny cuts. The vast majority of these surgeries are outpatient procedures. You go home the same day, and you are back to your regular activities within a few days. Another major benefit: You suffer much less pain and discomfort than you would after traditional surgery, which requires a large incision.

Minimally invasive gynecological surgeries employ special surgical tools, including:

  • Laparoscope: A thin, fiber-optic tube that has a tiny video camera on the end of it. The surgeon inserts the laparoscope through a small incision in the navel and guides it to the problem area. The surgeon then inserts tiny surgical instruments through other small incisions to perform the operation.
  • Hysteroscope: A thin, telescopic tube used to see the inside of the uterus. No incisions are needed when a hysteroscope is used. The surgeon inserts the hysteroscope through the vagina and into the uterus. Small surgical instruments can be inserted through the hysteroscope to perform an operation.

When appropriate, our highly skilled physicians also use the Da Vinci Surgical System, enabling enhanced visualization, precision, and control for gynecologic surgery. This robotic system's "stereo" camera provides a magnified, three-dimensional view--allowing surgeons to accurately monitor depth and proximity to blood vessels.